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Salt Creek Watershed Project

Background Information

Soil Chemistry and Composition

Soils are the first step to understanding watersheds. What ends up in surface water or groundwater usually goes through a soil layer and the soil composition determines how fast or how much contamination could occur in a region or watershed. Nebraska is a farming state thus soil plays an important part in the lives of the people who live there.

An issue is rising in Nebraska as well as many other states and that is water contamination. One of the key nutrients that is being looked at is nitrogen. Nitrogen is vital for plant growth but if there is to much nitrogen in the soil and the plants do not use it, the nitrogen will permeate downward because of gravity and be changed into Nitrate or Nitrite. Nitrates that permeate down end up in groundwater.   Much of Nebraska is now facing serious problems with Nitrate contamination in wells.

SOIL PRACTICES (N) THAT EFFECT WATER QUALITY

Soil Composition

Soil Layer

Soil Map Key Codes

1.ALBATON-ONAWA-HAYNIE-SARPY-BLAKE

2.ALTVAN-ROSEBUD-DIX-GOSHEN-ALLIANCE

3.AOWA-ALCESTER-KINNEBEC-JOSBERG

4.BANKARD-GLENBERG-BRIDGEPORT-LAS ANIMAS-PLATTE

5.BAZILE-PAKA-THURMAN-BOELUS-ORTELLO

6.BELFORE-MOODY-FILLMORE

7.BLYBURG-BLENCO-LUTON-FORNEY-OMADI

8.BRIDGET-McCOOK-DUROC-HAVERSON-BANKARD

9.BRIDGET-TRIPP-ALICE-CHEYENNE-BAYARD

10.BRISTOW-LYNCH-LABU-SANSARC-NORA

11.BRUNSWICK-PAKA-SIMEON-VALENTINE-O'NEILL

12.BUFTON-ORELLA-NORREST-OUTCROP-PIERRE

13.BUSHER-MANTER-TASSEL-SARBEN-JAYEM

14.CANYON-ALLIANCE-ROSEBUD-OGALA-DUROC

15.CANYON-BRIDGET-OUTCROP-OGALA-TASSEL

16.CANYON-ROSEBUD-BUSHER-OUTCROP-ALTVAN

17.CARUSO-SILVER CREEK-HUMBARGER-LAWET-LEX

18.INAVALE-CASS-BARNEY-PLATTE-BOEL

19.CLARNO-NORA-BETTS-CROFTON-SIMEON

20.COLBY-OTERO-CANYON-ULYSSES-BUSHER

21.COLBY-ULYSSES-KEITH

22.COLY-ULY-HOBBS-HOLDREGE-HORD

23.COLY-ULY-HOLDREGE-HOBBS-NUCKOLLS

24.HORD-COZAD-HOBBS-ANSELMO-HALL

25.CREIGHTON-OGALA-CANYON-ALLIANCE-BRIDGET

26.CRETE-HASTINGS-BUTLER-GEAREY-FILLMORE

27.CRETE-MAYBERRY-WYMORE-MORRILL-HOBBS

28.CROFTON-ALCESTER-NORA-AOWA

29.DIX-ALTVAN-KEITH-ROSEBUD-BANKARD

30.PIVOT-DUNDAY-McCOOK-DUNN-O'NEILL

31.ELS-VALENTINE-IPAGE-TYRON-MARLAKE

32.ELSMERE-DAILEY-SARBEN-VALENT

33.ELSMERE-IPAGE-LOUP-MARLAKE-SELIA

34.GAYVILLE-WOOD RIVER-SILVER CREEK-HALL-GIBB0N

35.GEARY-HOLDREGE-KIPSON-WAKEEN-COLY

36.GEARY-JANSEN-MEADIN-HASTINGS-HOBBS

37.GIBBON-LUTON-SALTINE-WANN-ZOOK

38.WANN-GIBBON-LESHARA-LEX-ALDA

39.GLENBERG-YOCKEY-LAPORTE-JANISE-ALMERIA

40.GOTHENBURG-PLATTE-LEX-ALDA

41.HASTINGS-CRETE-HOLDER-ULY-FILLMORE

42.HASTINGS-CRETE-FILLMORE-BUTLER-HOBBS

43.HASTINGS-FILLMORE-CRETE-BUTLER-HOBBS

44.HASTINGS-GEARY-CRETE-HOBBS-ULY

45.HASTINGS-HOLDER-HOBBS-CRETE-COLY

46.HAVERSON-TRIPP-GLENBERG-LOHMILLER-LAS ANIMAS

47.HERSH-VALENTINE-HOLDGEGE-HORD-ANSELMO

48.HOBBS-HORD-HALL-CASS

49.HOBBS-HORD-COZAD-COLY

50.HOLDER-FILLMORE-BUTLER-HOBBS

51.HOLDER-COLY-GEARY-HOBBS-HASTINGS

52.HOLDREGE-DETROIT-BUTLER-FILLMORE-SCOTT

53.HOLDER-NUCKOLLS-COLY-ULY-HOBBS

54.HOLDREGE-ULY-COLY-HOBBS-ROXBURY

55.HOLDREGE-HALL-ULY-FILLMORE-COLY

56.HOLT-VETAL-MANTER-ANSELMO-TASSEL

57.HORD-HALL-HOBBS-KENNESAW-FILLMORE

58.ANSELMO-HORD-DUNDAY-COZAD-INAVALE

59.HORD-HALL-WOOD RIVER-HOBBS-ORTELLO

60.IDA-MONONA-NAPIER-HOBBS

61.INVALE-BOEL-LOUP-ALMERIA-LESHARA

62.JANISE-LISCO-MINATARE-YOCKEY

63.JANSEN-GEARY-MEADIN-HASTINGS-CRETE

64.JANSEN-O'NEILL-MEADIN-CHAPPEL-PIVOT

65.WOODLY-JAYEM-ASCALON-ROSEBUD-SARDEN

66.JAYEM-SATANTA-TRIPP-GOSHEN-KUMA

67.JAYEM-SATANTA-BUSHER-VALENT-DAILEY

68.KADOKA-KEITH-MITCHELL-BRIDGET-EPPING

69.KEITH-ALLIANCE-ROSEBUD-DUROC-CANYON

70.KENESAW-HERSH-COLY-ANSELMO-RUSCO

71.KENNEBEC-WABASH-ZOOK-NODAWAY-COLO

72.KIPSON-BENFIELD-WYMORE-SOGN-SHARPSBURG

73.KUMA-KEITH-GOSHEN-ULYSSES-COLBY

74.KYLE-BUFFINGTON-BUFTON-PIERRE-HISLE

75.LABU-SANSARC-BOYD-REE-RELIANCE

76.LANCASTER-HEDVILLE-EDALGO-CRETE-GEARY

77.LAS ANIMAS-LAS-GERING-McCOOK-McGREW

78.LAWET-ELSMERE-ORWET-OVINA-LOUP

79.LAWET-LEX-WANN-ACADIA-McCOOK

80.LOUP-ELSMERE-ALMERIA-DUNDAYORD

81.LUTON-FORNEY-SOLOMON-MALVERN-SALIX

82.MARSHALL-PONCA-JOHNSON-KENNEBEC-NODAWAY

83.McCOOK-MUNJOR-INAVALE-HOBBS-PLATTE

84.MINNEQUA-PENROSE-SAMSIL-BUFTON-PIERRE

85.MITCHELL-EPPING-DIX-BAYARD-OTERO

86.MITCHELL-OTERO-BAYARD-RECLUSE-BORDEAUX

87.MONONA-IDA-JUDSON-KENNEBEC-NODAWAY

88.MOODY-BAZILE-TRENT-LORETTA-NORA

89.MOODY-NORA-JUDSON-BELFORE-COLO

90.MOODY-FILLMORE-NORA-JUDSON

91.MOODY-THURMAN-NORA-AOWA-ALCESTER

92.MORRILL-BURCHARD-HASTINGS-HOBBS-STEINAUER

93.NORA-CROFTON-MOODY-ALCESTER-AOWA

94.NORA-CROFTON-JUDSON-MOODY-AOWA

95.NORA-MOODY-JUDSON-CROFTON-COLO

96.NUCKOLLS-HOLDREGE-CAMPUS-HOBBS-COLY

97.OGALA-DUROC-CREIGHTON-CANYON-BUSHER

98.SATANTA-BUSHER-ALLIANCE-DUROC-DAILEY

99.O'NEILL-BROCKSBURG-HORD-BLENDON-HALL

100.NUCLA-MITCHELL-TREON-ALBINAS-VETAL

101.O'NEILL-MEADIN-JANSEN-PIVOT-ANSELMO

102.ONITA-RELIANCE-REE-LABU-SANSARC

103.BRIDGET-BAYARD-OTERO-MITCHELL

104.PAWNEE-BURCHARD-WYMORE-SHELBY-STEINAUER

105.PIERRE-SAMSIL-KYLE-HISLE-STETTER

106.ACADIA-PLATTE-LESHARA-INAVALE-CASS

107.REDSTOE-GAVINS-LORETTO-ELTREE-CROFTON

108.ROSEBUD-ALLIANCE-KEITH-ALTVAN-DUROC

109.KUMA-ROSEBUD-SATANTA-ALLIANCE-MACE

110.ROSEBUD-ALLIANCE-CANYON-ALTVAN-DUROC

111.SARPY-ONAWA-HAYNIE-GRABLE-ALBATON

112.SHARPSBURG-PAWNEE-JUDSON-NODAWAY-COLO

113.SHARPSBURG-FILLMORE-BUTLER-COLO-JUDSON

114.SHARPSBURG-PAWNEE-BURCHARD-STEINAUER-MORRILL

115.SIMEON-MEADIN-VALENTINE-O'NEILL-ANSELMO

116.SIMEON-MEADIN-BETTS-LABU-THURMAN

117.STEINAUER-PAWNEE-BURCHARD-SHARPSBURG-SHELBY

118.McCELVIE-RONSON-DUDA-TASSEL-MARIAVILLE

119.BUSHER-OUTCROP-TASSEL-TRELONA-DIX

120.TASSEL-BUSHER-BRIDGET-OUTCROP-ALTVAN

121.THURMAN-BOELUS-VALENTINE-NORA-CROFTON

122.THURMAN-HADAR-ORTELLO-BLENDON-VALENTINE

123.TRIPP-ALICE-DUROC-MITCHELL-OTERO

124.KEITH-ALLIANCE-SATANTA-KUMA-BRIDGET

125.ULY-COLY-HOLDREGE-HOBBS-McCOOK

126.ULY-HOLDREGE-COLY-HOBBS

127.KEITH-ULYSSES-COLBY-KUMA-GOSHEN

128.VALENT-JAYEM-BUSHER-DAILEY-VETAL

129.VALENT-DWYER-DAILEY-BUSHER-JAYEM

130.VALENT-SARBEN-OTERO-DAILEY-JAYEM

131.VALENTINE-SIMEON-HERSH-DUNDAY-IPAGE

132.VALENTINE-IPAGE-ELS-ELSMERE

133.VALENTINE-DUNDAY-IPAGE-LIBORY-ELSMERE

134.VALENTINE-ELS-IPAGE-TYRON-MARLAKE

135.VALENTINE-ELS-LOUP-GANNET-TYRON

136.VALENTINE-HERSH-LIBORY-ELS-ANSELMO

137.VALENTINE-SIMEON-DUNDAY-O'NEILL

138.VALENTINE-TASSEL-RONSON-IPAGE-DUDA

139.VALENTINE-THURMAN-DOGER-ELSMERE

140.WEWELA-VALENTINE-ANSELMO-O'NEILL-IPAGE

141.WOOD RIVER-HALL-HORD-HOBBS-COZAD

142.WYMORE-MAYBERRY-PAWNEE-NODAWAY-MORRILL

143.ZOOK-LESHARA-WANN-COLO-LAMO

144.VALENTINE-ELS-WILDHORSE-HOFFLAND-CROWTHER

145.WILDHORSE-HOFFLAND-ELS-MARLAKE-IPAGE

146.BANKARD-HAVERSON-McCOOK-GLENBERG

147.ALTVAN-TREON-VETAL-ASCALON-DIX

148.COLBY-RAZOR-MIDWAY-KEITH-BRIDGEPORT

149.BRIDGEPORT-McCOOK-MUNJOR-HORD-INAVALE

150.MARSHALL-GRUNDY-SHELBY-SHARPSBERG-KENNEBEC

151.HASTINGS-CRETE-GEARY-HOBBS-NUCKOLLS

152.KIPSON-CRETE-PAWNEE-MAYBERRY-IRWIN

153.PIERRE-SAMDAY-BONE-BAHL-GRUMMIT

154.HORD-EPPING-KEOTA-HAVERSON-BADLAND

155.ANSELMO-VALENTINE-KNOLLS-ELSMERE-DOGER

156.MONONA-VEATCH-HAMBERG-KENNEBEC-MORRILL

157.ULY-HOLDREGE-COLY-PENDEN-CANLON

158.HOLDREGE-ULY-NUCKOLLS-HARNEY-ROXBURY

159.ROXBURY-HORD-McCOOK-NEW CAMBRIA-HARNEY

160.JANSEN-REE-MEADIN-RELIANCE-BON

161.ALBATON-ONAWA-HAYNIE-SARPY-BLAKE

162.FLUVAQUENTS-ALDA-BANKARD-McCOOK-LAS

163.LAKE OR MAJOR STREAM